Operation Kingfisher, the rescue mission that never took place

Do you know that there was a so-called rescue plan for the Sandakan Death Marches code-named Operation Kingfisher? The death march was a series of forced marches in Borneo from Sandakan to Ranau which resulted to the deaths of 1,047 prisoners-of-war (POWs). Meanwhile, the remaining 1,381 never left the Sandakan camp

The cession of Sipitang by Brunei Sultanate to British North Borneo

Just like Sarawak, many of North Borneo (present-day Sabah)’s territories were part of the Brunei Sultanate. These territories were slowly annexed by the British North Borneo Chartered Company (BNBC) into the British North Borneo including Sipitang. The people of Sipitang (Sepitong, Sipitong or Si Pitong) So what is it like in Sipitang during

Japanese immigrants in North Borneo before World War II

Somewhere near the Tanjung Batu Street of Tawau, Sabah there is an old cemetery site. There, Japanese people were laid to rest. One might assume that they died during World War II (WWII) when Sabah was under Japanese occupation. However, a vast majority of them died way before the Second World War. Who

The Japanese empire once wanted to buy North Borneo as a colony

On Nov 1, 1881, the British North Borneo Chartered Company (BNBCC) was formed to administer and exploit the resources of North Borneo (present-day Sabah). The territory then became a protectorate of the British Empire in 1888. At that time, BNBCC was lack of funds to develop the territory. Hence, the company started

Susumi Hoshijima, the Beast of Belsen of Sandakan POW Camp

Captain Susumi Hoshijima (center) Susumi Hoshijima, the Beast of Belsen of Sandakan POW Camp One of the infamous commandants of concentration camps during World War II (WWII) was none other than Josef Kramer. He was the Commandant of Auschwitz-Birkenau (from May 8, 1944 to Nov 25, 1944) and of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp

10 things you might not know about the Sandakan Death Marches

Some of you might have heard of the Sandakan Death Marches. It is a series of forced marches from Sandakan to Ranau cutting through the dense rainforest of Borneo. Overall, there were 2,434 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) died during their internment at Sandakan camp and the marches to Ranau. It is